Stevia, (Stevia rebaudiana), also called sweet leaf, flowering plant in the aster family (Asteraceae), grown for its sweet-tasting leaves. It doesn’t add calories. Unlike other sugar substitutes, stevia is derived from a plant. It’s a non-caloric, non-fattening herb with low carbohydrates. Stevia is a boon for people suffering from diabetes and obesity. When you need to cut down sugar from your diet, but your sweet tooth is impossible to control, you can turn towards stevia. Stevia glycosides, mainly stevioside and rebaudioside are the active compounds responsible for its sweetness.
As more and more research emerges about this wonderful new option for people on carbohydrate-controlled diets, the number of countries who are approving stevia as a sweetener and a food additive has been rising.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF STEVIA
The health benefits of stevia include diabetes management, weight loss, skin care, and much more. Let us explore some of its health benefits in detail.
The most widely praised aspect of stevia for human health concerns is its ability to regulate blood sugar levels in the body. This is an ideal replacement for normal sugar for diabetics or people on carbohydrate-controlled diets because they can eat sweet foods without having to worry about diabetic complications.
Opposed to sucrose, which is what normal table sugar consists of, stevia sweetens food in a similar way as sugar, but it contains stevioside, which is a non-carbohydrate glycoside compound. As explained above, when stevioside breaks down, the glucose-containing particles  are absorbed by the bacteria in the colon, rather than being absorbed into the bloodstream and affecting glucose levels in the body.
Stevia has been claimed to reduce food cravings and in particular, fatty foods as well as sweets. This reduction in craving for fattening food and sweets directly impacts on weight loss. You can use the leaves of Stevia. Stevia has almost zero calories.
The rich source of antioxidant compounds found in stevia makes it an ideal dietary supplement for various cancer prevention including pancreatic cancer. Quercetin, kaempferol, and the other glycoside compounds in stevia help to eliminate free radicals in the body, thereby preventing them from mutating healthy cells into cancer cells. Antioxidants also help to prevent premature aging, cognitive malfunction, and various other conditions like heart disease.
Promotes Bone Health
Many of people consume calcium foods to improve the bone functioning and strengthening the bone structure. As a matter of fact, studies show that a regular intake of stevia can promote the calcium nutrient inside the body. This means you do not need to consume milk only to provide calcium nutrients in the body but also stevia as green plants also has a role in it. Then, by having the ideal amount of calcium, you have succeeded to build strong bones and prevent the risks of getting osteoporosis.
Source of Protein
It could not be denied that we are as human need protein to support our body functioning. With the protein or body regenerate some new cells as well as it replacing the broken cells in the body. Also, it strengthens the muscles and promotes body muscle greatly. Not only for that, protein has a role in improving the smooth functioning of enzymes and is beneficial to lose some weight. Therefore, by having stevia as your natural sweetener, then you have added the special healthy gift for the sake of your body.
Stevia has been found to reduce bacterial formation in the mouth, making it a popular additive for toothpastes and mouthwashes. It also prevents cavities and gingivitis.
Along with all the health benefits mentioned above stevia is also known to possess anti-diarrheal, anti-hyperglycemic, antihypertensive, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal, and immune-modulatory actions.